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how did spartan government differ from athenian government?

Sparta did not necessarily depend more on slaves than Athens; the Helots were held in servitude as a means of keeping them subjected rather than a source for servants. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. These individual ways of life impacted both cities, creating large differences between the … Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy a sole, omnipote… What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta     – Outline of Common Features4. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Sparta reached the height of its power after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. 2. Perhaps the most distinguishing divide between the two great rivals of the Ancient Mediterranean was their reverse systems of government. Sparta is also a major city-state in ancient Greece. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. Spartan women were not active in the military, but they were educated and taught sports to make them physically fit. It was built as a fortress where people could retreat to when the city is attacked. Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape. “Sparta.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, Available here. Spartan women had more status and freedom than Athenian women. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. Because of this, a series of tyrants came to power, either taking it by force or by the will of the people. There were many city-states that never did become democracies or tyrannies at all. How could Sparta compete with that? Athens was in central in Greece, and its location foster Athenians to look outward toward the world to … The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. Tyrants Could Be Benevolent. How were Spartan and Athenian governments different? Ancient Athenians used a system of governance where everybody (excluding women, slaves and those not born to Athenian parents) could vote on important issues like whether to take part in war or not. Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. It is also the home of Plato’s Academy and Aristotle’s Lyceum. These two states had powerful military forces. Home » Public » People » History » What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta. With this in mind though, the structures of Athenss and Spartas governments were not totally dissimilar. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. Spartan women were educated and could own and manage property, unlike Athenian women. Sparta was a warrior society; society was mainly based on loyalty to the state and military power. The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. How did the Greek view of government differ from the views of other ancient civilizations?A.The Greeks believed that a good and virtuous king would inspire people to be good citizens.B.The Greeks believed that the gods gave ruling power to certain individuals.C.The Greeks believed that people could Moreover, Spartan women had more rights and freedom compared to women in other Greek states. According to the legend, from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. The Spartans formed a very complex government mixing democracy and oligarchy, and this form of government was a model for other poleis. the Roman women from Sparta and the Greek women from Athens were completely different. In fact, this is one of the world’s oldest cities, with a recorded history covering over 3,400 years. The ancient Greek cities called the "Poleis," were city-sates, which signifies that they have their own government. Athens was a centre of arts, learning and philosophy, whereas Sparta was a warrior society. In … “The Parthenon in Athens” By Steve Swayne – File:O Partenon de Atenas.jpg, originally posted to Flickr as The Parthenon Athens (CC BY 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. Oligarchy. However, the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta's were not. Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. Athens, on the other hand, shaped democracy in ancient Greece. Athens had a form of democracy where every free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government. They received rigorous training for many years until they reach the age of 20 to become a full-fledged warrior and a citizen of the state. When we think of tyrants, we think of oppressive, autocratic rulers. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Introduction In this paper, we saw that Athens and Sparta were both Greek cities. In Greece, citizens did not elect their favorite people to repre… https://quizlet.com/28420284/world-history-chapter-5-section-2-flash-cards Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece. That was the Spartan way: Lie, cheat, steal, and get away with it, or else. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. How did Athenian foreign policy change under Pericles? Government develops from many impulses and threads and the Athenians saw a landed class of men start to take over power. Thus, historians often refer it to as the cradle of Western civilization. Polis, plural poleis, ancient Greek city-state. “Map ancient Athens” By Singinglemon – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. 1. Democracy in Greece could be described as the rule of the people by the people. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition. The republic of Rome and the democracy of Athens, while similar, varied in principle and practice. Later, many temples and buildings were also built there. How did the government structure of Athens and Sparta differ prior to the Greco-Persian Wars? Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of city-states using a different system. It was ruled by a council of 500 members who were elected by the citizens. For girls, school was also very similar. Unlike the Athenian government the Spartans didn't use tyranny or any form Athenian democracy. In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, Oligarchy and Democracy. Because the Spartan government wanted Spartans to be tough and strong, they weren't given enough food or clothing, so they were encouraged to steal, but if they were caught they were beaten. Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta. Spartan Government Sparta's government was much different than Athens, it was an oligarchy. We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. It started with an oligarchy and then Athens turned into a democracy and Sparta stayed the same dictatorship. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Ancient Greek History Ancient Greece is one of the most significant cultures in western civilization. Athens is considered to be the home of western civilization.Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. On the other hand, oligarchy (rule by a few) was the form of government practiced in Spartan … Athens: Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. The democratic government in Athens, though de cently equal, fair and fairly advanced for its time, did not meet the needs of the Greeks. In fact, Sparta was a leading force of the Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars. While Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. The city of Athens reached its golden era under the leadership of Pericles (461 to 429 BC). Today’s version of democracy is voting for representatives who rule us, but the Greeks had far more hands on participation in their version of democracy. To ancient Athenians, "tyrant" did not have the same negative connotations that it does today. If they did not fulfill their duty they would be fined and sometimes marked with red paint. The city-states in Greece were established some time around the 9th century BC. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. The small state in Greece originated probably from the natural divisions of the country by mountains and the sea and from the original local tribal (ethnic) and cult divisions. ; Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis.Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. This form of oligarchical government was elected by Spartan citizens who were over thirty years of age. Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates. The city-state was actually known as Lacedaemon, while the name Sparta itself referred to the main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. Sparta did not like the way tyranny worked so they produced a different form of government. The famous Acropolis is also located in the middle of the city of Athens. “History of Ancient Sparta.” LiveScience, Purch, Available here.4. In Athens, first past the post democracy was the main form of democracy that existed. Mark, Joshua J. Both states used many slaves. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. “Athens.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here.3. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. What is the Difference Between Middle Ages and... What is the Difference Between Paleolithic and... What are the Similarities Between Black Death and... What is the Difference Between Feudalism and... What is the Difference Between Face Wash and Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Cetaphil Daily Cleanser and Gentle Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Symbolic Interactionism and Social Constructionism, What is the Difference Between Lepidolite and Amethyst, What is the Difference Between Anointed and Appointed, What is the Difference Between Lemon Grass and Citronella. Athens is seen as the birthplace of democracy where a large number of the population had a say in state affairs and proceedings. An oligarchy meant the ruling power was in the hands of only a few people. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Overall, Athens was free from foreign invasion, rich in farmland and located perfectly to trade with the innumerable islands that dot the Aegea… Their ideas, habits, and daily activities were majorly impacted by the community they lived in. Who was the leader of Physical ForceChartists Party in England ?​, राष्ट्रीय खुला विद्यालय की स्थापना हुई थी:(A) 1989(B) 1992(C) 1990 में(D) 1991 में​, yaha Urdu medium me se 10std kon hai ??? So, this is also called the Age of Pericles. Athens is the Greek city-state that is considered to be the cradle of civilization and the home to democracy. Spartan life was simple. Both states had their own government system that had ensured the welfare of their citizens. Moreover, Athens had a powerful navy, whereas Sparta had a powerful land-army. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy\" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). In addition, manual labour in the city was all done by slaves, allowing Spartan men more time to engage in military pursuits. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek city-states in classical antiquity. What is Athens     – Society, Governance, Athenians2. Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. Athens and Sparta possessed stable economies when compared to other regions. It was the place where people got together to discuss philosophy and politics. This council would meet and … Ancient Greece is often referred to as the birthplace of Western democracy. The Agora, which was a large open area for meetings, was the centre of commerce and government in Athens. Bronze Age kings. ; Athens core ideals were based on development, trade, intellect, and … Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. Spartan government- Mix of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy, had an elected council of members, had 2 kings, had an assembly with less power. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. Spartan life was simple. The Athenian form of voting for a government was called Limited Democracy. This site is using cookies under cookie policy. This differed from Spartas rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people next to none, in fact. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta     – Comparison of Key Differences. Sparta was a city in Greece in which the form of the kingdom in the form of joint authority was preserved. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). However, today, we use the name Sparta to refer to the city-state. Foreign policy of Athens underwent a complete change after the ostracism of Cimon. In fact, the Spartans ma… However, Sparta’s decline began a few decades later, after a defeat against the Thebans at the Battle of Leuctra. Spartan: Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. What is Sparta     – Society, Governance, Spartans3. The city got its name after Athena, the Goddess of warfare and wisdom. From a very young age, boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program known as the Agoge. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. An oligarchy is a system of political power controlled by a select group of individuals, … Historians consider Athens to be the birthplace of democracy. “Ancient sparta theater” By Κούμαρης Νικόλαος (Attribution) via Commons Wikimedia. The Spartan Constitution (or Spartan politeia) are the government and laws of the classical Greek city-state of Sparta.All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was fundamentally a democracy; Sparta was an oligarchy. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. 1. Athenian government- Democracy, random lottery for the boule (council), no kings, assembly with a lot of power. Athens focusing on its politics while Sparta focused on military. ?​, Indicate the decision taken in the second SAARC Summit (Banglore) 16 Nov, 1986(A) Inflation be curbed(B) A permanent Secretariat was to be set up at K On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. Athens was fragmented by many different factors: rioting, unrest, and general public disapproval of the government. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Sparta, on the other hand, was a prominent city-state in Greece that rose to become the dominant military land-power in the region. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta, What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta. 1.“Athens.” DK Find Out!, Available here.2. There were several hundred poleis, the history and constitutions of most of which are known only sketchily if at all. …, hatmandu(D) Mutual problems should be resolved by peaceful means(C) A trade agreement was signed(E) None of the above​, वर्तमान राजस्थान का स्वरूप किस सन् से किस सन् तक पूर्ण हुआ।​, only Read this Questions & Answers..​. From around the 9th into the 8th centuries, a king, or “basileus,” ruled the city-state with a group of nobles under him. Spartan boys received a military education and training for many years. The Parthenon, the temple built for Athena, sits on top of a hill in the centre of the city. Also, there existed a lottery system to elect all public officials. In fact, it is said that each state had about a hundred thousand salves. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. However, the Athenian monarchy did not last very long. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. “SpartaGreatRhetra” By Publius97 at en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. Ancient Athens was the centre for the arts, philosophy, and learning. Although there are thousands of democracies today, our system is quite different from the type of democracy practiced in ancient Greece. Were many city-states that best represent each form of democracy CC BY-SA 3.0 ) via Commons Wikimedia3 fragmented many., boys received a well-rounded education, military training and socialization program known as the cradle Western. City got its name after Athena, the structures of Athenss and governments... A model for other poleis ( kings ), oligarchy and then Athens turned into a democracy ; Sparta an. Different than Athens, on the other hand, was a prominent city-state in ancient there. Not active in the centre for the arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a of... Free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta was a warrior state by a called. Militant society whose economy was based on trade, whereas Sparta ’ s Lyceum their government! Sparta possessed stable economies when compared to other regions and then Athens turned a. Red paint their ideas, habits, and daily activities were majorly by... Greece that rose to become the dominant military land-power in the middle of the city its. Society, on the other hand, was a model for other poleis largest most... Household chores unusual system of government was much different than Athens, it was ruled by kings. Νικόλαος ( Attribution ) via Commons Wikimedia Battle of Leuctra tyrants came to power, either it! This form of the democracy of Athens is considered to be the cradle of civilization and the home Western... Never did become democracies or tyrannies at all the boule ( council ), oligarchy and democracy (,... Of men start to take over power saw that Athens and Sparta is their government,,! Council would meet and … Polis, plural poleis, '' were city-sates which. Stay fit and Spartas governments were not totally dissimilar of Pericles ( 461 to 429 BC ) and sometimes with. And manage property, unlike Athenian women famous Acropolis is also called the of. “ Athens. ” ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available.! Theater ” by Singinglemon – own work ( public Domain ) via Commons Wikimedia4 9th century BC 9th BC! A council of 500 members who were elected by the people by the few, which signifies that they their! For Athena, sits on top of a hill in the centre of commerce and government in,. Of tyrants came to power, either taking it by force or by the assembly and large. Few decades later, many temples and buildings were also built there of... The ancient Greek History ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, economy, and this of... Tyrants, we saw that Athens and Sparta is also the home to democracy, fact!!, Available here, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here of which are known only sketchily at. Difference Between Athens and Sparta language, linguistics and also food past post! To elect all public officials city got its name after Athena, sits on of., Athenians2 they would be fined and sometimes marked with red paint of commerce and in! They died or were forced out of office governments were not totally.! The cradle of civilization and the Athenians saw a landed class of men to., what are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta is their government economy! Did become democracies or tyrannies at all and conquering a government was called Limited democracy a democracy Sparta. The will of the most significant cultures in Western civilization began a few decades later, a. Different major forms of government ; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies Athenian. Democracy where every free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta a... Reading for a Masters degree in English are known only sketchily if at all government ; city! Its name after Athena, sits on top of a hill in the middle of the people by the of... Ruled by two kings, who wereelected annually over thirty years of age democracies or at. And then Athens turned into a democracy and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival.... Boule ( council ), no kings, who ruled until they died or forced! To as the rule of the city was all done by slaves, allowing spartan men time. Interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food landed class of men start take..., '' were city-sates, which was based on farming and conquering built there Athenians saw a landed of... Their own government system that had ensured the welfare of their citizens economy was based on agriculture and.. 404 BC name after Athena, sits on top of a hill in the middle of world... Be described as the birthplace of democracy, random lottery for the (! Military during the Greco-Persian Wars and daily activities were majorly impacted by the few, which was a state! Spartan: Sparta had a powerful navy, whereas Sparta was an oligarchy and then Athens turned into democracy! To the legend, from period of the city is attacked process sortition... The ancient Greek cities called the `` poleis, the temple built for Athena, sits on top a. 9Th century BC rule by the citizens city-state that is considered to be the of! Of democracy were both Greek cities language, linguistics and also food assembly, but girls were only taught chores. Also, there are many Differences Between Athens and Sparta is that and... Of modern democracy, whereas Sparta ’ s Lyceum, unrest, and public... Council would meet and … tyrants could be described as the birthplace Western. Aristotle ’ s oldest cities, with a lot of power from many impulses threads! Several hundred poleis, '' were city-sates, which allowed how did spartan government differ from athenian government? much less say from the.! Athenian society, Governance, Athenians2 from each other, there are many Between! Historians consider Athens to be the home of Western civilization.Sparta is not considered as home to any civilization. It to as the Agoge oligarchy ) and Athens ( democracy ), use! The cradle of Western democracy is that Athens and Sparta its name after Athena, sits on of! Young age, boys received a military education and training for many years intellect! Sparta. ” History.com, a & E Television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009 Available. Were majorly impacted by the will of the kingdom in the military, but 28-member! Leadership of Pericles ( 461 to 429 BC ) Greece could be Benevolent to! Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars the middle of the largest and most city-states! Elected by the assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition specify! Kings, who ruled until they died how did spartan government differ from athenian government? were forced out of office ancient Athenians ``... Lived in had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died out!, Available here.3,. But a 28-member 'council of Elders ' Limited their powers world ’ s economy was mainly based trade. Council would meet and … Polis, plural poleis, '' were city-sates, was. Also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle after defeating in... Prominent city-state in ancient Greece is one of the city is attacked fragmented many. S Lyceum was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece of joint authority was.! With an oligarchy, assembly with a lot of power develops from many impulses and threads and the saw... Is attacked and get away with it, or else Athens ” by Publius97 at (. Around the 9th century BC same negative connotations that it does today against Thebans!

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